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- Colin Wilson
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But by the time he left school at sixteen, his interests were already switching to literature. He started to write stories, plays, and essays in earnest — a long "sequel" to Man and Superman made him consider himself to be 'Shaw's natural successor. In the autumn of , he was drafted into the Royal Air Force but soon found himself clashing with authority, eventually feigning homosexuality in order to be dismissed. Upon leaving he took up a succession of menial jobs, spent some time wandering around Europe, and finally returned to Leicester in There he married his first wife, Dorothy Betty Troop, and moved to London, where a son was born.
But the marriage rapidly disintegrated as he drifted in and out of several jobs. During this traumatic period, Wilson was continually working and reworking the novel that was eventually published as Ritual in the Dark Returning to Leicester again, he met Joy Stewart — later to become his second wife and mother of their three children — who accompanied him to London. There he continued to work on Ritual in the Dark , receiving some advice from Angus Wilson no relation — then deputy superintendent of the British Museum's Reading Room — and slept rough in a sleeping bag on Hampstead Heath to save money.
On Christmas Day, , alone in his room, he sat down on his bed and began to write in his journal. He described his feelings as follows:. It struck me that I was in the position of so many of my favourite characters in fiction: Dostoyevsky's Raskolnikov, Rilke's Malte Laurids Brigge, the young writer in Hamsun's Hunger : alone in my room, feeling totally cut off from the rest of society. It was not a position I relished.
Yet an inner compulsion had forced me into this position of isolation. I began writing about it in my journal, trying to pin it down. And then, quite suddenly, I saw that I had the makings of a book. I turned to the back of my journal and wrote at the head of the page: 'Notes for a book The Outsider in Literature'. Gollancz published the year-old Wilson's The Outsider in The book became a best-seller and helped popularise existentialism in Britain. Through the works of various artists Wilson explored the psyche of the Outsider, his effect on society and society's on him.
Nothing has happened in the past four decades that has made The Outsider any less relevant Wilson became associated with the " angry young men " of British literature. He contributed to Declaration , an anthology of manifestos by writers associated with the movement, and was also anthologised in a popular paperback sampler, Protest: The Beat Generation and the Angry Young Men.
The success of The Outsider notwithstanding, Wilson's second book, Religion and the Rebel , was universally panned by critics although Wilson himself claimed it was a more comprehensive book than the first one. While The Outsider was focused on documenting the subject of mental strain and near-insanity, Religion and the Rebel was focused on how to expand our consciousness and transform us into visionaries.
Time magazine published a review, headlined "Scrambled Egghead", that pilloried the book. These books were summarised by Introduction to the New Existentialism When the book was re-printed in as The New Existentialism , Wilson wrote: "If I have contributed anything to existentialism — or, for that matter, to twentieth century thought in general, here it is.
I am willing to stand or fall by it. In The Age of Defeat — book 3 of "The Outsider Cycle" — he bemoaned the loss of the hero in twentieth century life and literature; convinced that we were becoming embroiled in what he termed "the fallacy of insignificance". It was this theory that encouraged celebrated American psychologist Abraham Maslow to contact him in The two corresponded regularly and met on several occasions before Maslow's death in Wilson wrote a biography and assessment of Maslow's work, New Pathways in Psychology: Maslow and the Post-Freudian Revolution , based on audiotapes that Maslow had provided, which was published in Maslow's observation of "peak experiences" in his students — those sudden moments of overwhelming happiness that we all experience from time to time — provided Wilson with an important clue in his search for the mechanism that might control the Outsider's "moments of vision".
Maslow, however, was convinced that peak experiences could not be induced; Colin Wilson thought otherwise and, indeed, in later books like Access to Inner Worlds and Super Consciousness , suggested how they could be induced at will.
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Wilson was also known for what he termed "Existential Criticism", which suggested that a work of art should not just be judged by the principles of literary criticism or theory alone but also by what it has to say, in particular about the meaning and purpose of existence. In his pioneering essay for Chicago Review Volume 13, no. No art can be judged by purely aesthetic standards, although a painting or a piece of music may appear to give a purely aesthetic pleasure. Aesthetic enjoyment is an intensification of the vital response, and this response forms the basis of all value judgements.
He has risked a lot to elevate the issues that affect black and brown bodies in America. He spearheaded the effort to bring together activists in a show of support for the former San Francisco 49ers starter, who, despite being only 29 and having the fifth-best touchdowns-to-interceptions ratio of all time — better than many former NFL stars, including Steve Young, Peyton Manning and Tony Romo — is not on a roster with Week 1 of the regular season kicking off in less than three weeks.
The Rev. Sanders and SiriusXM radio host Mark Thompson are among the 20 organizing partners listed for the rally, which is scheduled for 5 p. Green and several other organizers, though, are members of the fraternity, and its leader, Grand Polemarch Thomas L. Battles Jr. The program is scheduled to include several speakers who are on the front lines of the ongoing battle for racial justice. Kaepernick does not plan to attend the rally, but he appreciates the support more than his supporters could possibly understand, one of his representatives wrote to The Undefeated in a text message last week.
Ever since Kaepernick was first pictured sitting during the anthem before a preseason game last Aug. We felt that he took a knee for us, so we need to stand up for him. Throughout his time on the national stage, Kaepernick has maintained a dialogue with activists.
We need to show that to young people. Instabilities in magnetized jets: An origin for knots? Cosmological evolution of dwarf galaxies: The influence of star formation and the multiphase interstellar medium. Instabilities in MHD jets. Norman CA, Spaans M.
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- Colin A. Norman | Physics & Astronomy | Johns Hopkins University.
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Molecules at high redshift: The evolution of the cool phase of protogalactic disks. Norman C, Arav N. Conference summary. Outflows of magnetized rotators: Structure and collimation. A search for QSO absorption lines from nearby starburst galaxies. Habe A, Norman C.
On the upper limit of surface brightness of starburst galaxies. Heyvaerts J, Norman CA. Asymptotic structure of rotating MHD winds and its relation to wind boundary conditions. Hubble space telescope observations of QSO absorption lines associated with starburst galaxy outflows. Astrophysical Journal v , p The statistical mechanics of reconnecting flux loops and consequences for massive star formation.
Far-infrared study of a quasi-one-dimensional electron gas formed on GaAs facets with hole gas sidegates on a A GaAs substrate. Norman C, Meiksin A. Two-phase cooling flows with magnetic reconnection. Norman CA, Ferrara A. The turbulent interstellar medium: Generalizing to a scale-dependent phase continuum.
Bar dissolution and bulge formation: An example of secular dynamical evolution in galaxies. Radio jets and the formation of active galaxies: Accretion avalanches on the torus by the effect of a large-scale magnetic field.
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Prediction of stellar mass in star formation: Theory and its application to the orion A cloud. In: Vol Norman CA.
The highest energy cosmic rays review. Galaxy formation and related topics. Collimation of MHD outflows. Norman CA, Braun R. Cold gas at high redshift. Bar dissolution and bulge formation. The origin of cosmic rays above 10 Scoville N, Norman C. Stellar contrails in quasi-stellar objects: The origin of broad absorption lines. The mass of a star formed in a cloud core: Theory and its application to the orion A cloud. A first determination of the surface density of galaxy clusters at very low X-ray fluxes.
Astrophysical Journal Letters v , p L The mass of the star formed in a cloud core. Astrophysics and Space Science, Volume , Issue , pp The physics of the interstellar medium and intergalactic medium: Conference summary. Nobeyama radio observatory report, no. POST: A polar stratospheric telescope. The soft X-ray halo of the spiral galaxy NGC From starburst galaxies to protogalaxies. Quasar absorption line studies of starburst galaxy environments - cycle 4 carry-over.
The second hubble fellows symposium. Galactic bars with central mass concentrations: Three-dimensional dynamics. Investigating a self-consistent galactic potential with central mass concentration. The disk-halo interface in edge-on spirals. High-energy cosmic-ray origin. Nature, Volume , Issue , pp 23 Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, v , p Star formation at high redshift.
First results from the hubble space telescope chairman and editor. Highlights of Astronomy, Vol 9, p Quasar absorption line studies of starburst galaxy environments. Ikeuchi S, Norman CA. What determines the physical quantities of galaxies? A two-component gas model for protogalaxies with energy input from supernovae. Collisional pumping of H 2O masers in star-forming regions.
Models of starburst galaxies. In: ; Massive stars in starbursts. The global mass, energy, and photoionization balance of the disk-halo interaction. Pfenniger D, Norman CA. The growth of bulges and central mass concentrations by dissipative processes.